About Us: Consensus Positions on Various Origins Topics
accept that the basic processes operating today have operated since
being established at creation. However, we reject that the rates of
those processes have been uniform throughout history, and we affirm the
sometimes catastrophic impact of historical events on the history of
life on earth. Specifically, we favor the more extreme catastrophism
and punctuated diversification suggested by the biblical framework.
are not fixed and each modern species was not created separately.
Species fixity and created present species are Aristotelian, not
biblical, ideas (see Historical Context).
Although there is genetic fixity that variation cannot exceed, it is at
a much higher taxonomic level. Research in discontinuities is
suggesting it is at the level of conventional families, subfamilies, or
small uniform orders (Wood 2006).
Origins Of Biodiversity
species arose not at creation but since then. Most baraminologists
accept the Noachian Flood, which was the most catastrophic geologic
event in the history of the earth, as the environmental trigger for
rampant diversification and speciation. However, the conventional
mechanism of slow accumulation of mutations to increase genetic
information is not adequate to explain these changes. At creation, each
baramin was designed with latent information. that was switched on (See
Wood, 2003), recombined, and fragmented as survivors of the catastrophe
reproduced, dispersed, and populated the many newly available,
unexploited habitats. Mutations since then have further altered the
genetic composition of species.
As stated in the Methods and Concepts,
we find evidence that the assumption of common ancestry of all living
things is an unfounded corollary of uniformitarianism. Thus, there is a
polyphyletic origin of organisms: grasses do not share a common
ancestor with palms or lilies, and cats were created separately from
bears and dogs. Within baramins, evidences of continuity do not
necessarily equate to evidences of ancestry, and the baraminological
terms do not equate to phylogenetic categories. For example, a
monobaramin need not be monophyletic. Cavanaugh et al. (2003) interpret
the fossil equid baramin as a true phylogenetic diversification (and
thus modern equids are monophyletic), but Wood (2002) suggested that the
grass baramin may actually be polyphyletic (i.e. that God created two
or more diverse ancestral populations within the same region of
character space and with sufficient genetic similarity to allow for
often point to biological "imperfections" that would never have been
designed by a creator. On the contrary, we understand "imperfections"
as either of two concepts: (1) We do not understand the design
constraints that require the structure to appear as such, and the
"imperfection" may have been part of the original design and therefore
not imperfect at all. (2) The "imperfection" was a consequence of the
biblical Fall or Flood catastrophe. That is, God designed organisms
with latent information for adaptations to survive in the now imperfect
world, or some kind of degeneration has
occurred that produced a pathological phenotype.
Stratomorphic Fossil Series
generally accept at least that some of the Cenozoic strata are
post-Flood deposits and capable of preserving morphological changes
accompanying the rapid diversification of that time. Thus,
stratomorphic fossil series are expected and constitute an important
baraminological criterion in groups having fossils. Cavanaugh et al
2003 argued from their baraminological analysis that the fossil equidae
represent an intrabaraminic diversification of form after the Flood.